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NODAL NGOs: A TOOL FOR DEVELOPMENT

1. Introduction:

i.  Since Independence, Government of India has been implementing various development and employment programmes especially for the rural populace for improving their quality of life. But, despite efforts made by the Government, the benefit of its programme has not reached the needy, poor and deprived strata of the society in real terms. The main reason may be attributed to poor implementation of Government programmes. For a country which is the second most populous in the world and so diversified in its socio-economic context, only the efforts of Government would not fetch adequate results for development of its deprived strata. It was felt by the Government during 1970s that the voluntary agencies could supplement the Government's effort in rural development through mobilising communities and catalyzing people's initiatives for change, as well as through direct implementation of interventions around specific issues. Since then, the Voluntary sector in India has been playing a pivotal role in rural development.

   ii.  CAPART was constituted in 1986 and since its inception has initiated various programmes in rural development directly through NGOs in every State and large number of districts in the country. Since CAPART's initiatives are not being channelised through State Departments/District Administration, monitoring, evaluation and selection of NGOs is done directly by CAPART Headquarters and its regional offices based at nine places all over India.

iii.  Since the number of NGOs working in the rural development sector is quite high and the range of programmes which are taken up by these NGOs is also quite widespread, it has been decided, which was also supported by various leading NGOs attending the National Consultation organised by CAPART recently in New Delhi, that a Nodal NGO can be nominated in each State and perhaps in each district which can ensure that CAPART's various programmes in rural technology, livelihood promotion, skill development, roof top rain water harvesting (water conservation), sanitation, etc. are followed up in a focused manner on a need based and location specific approach. This will enable CAPART and the State Governments to reach the most backward and unreached areas through "targeted project" mode. This could also facilitate project and NGO mapping in real time and provide reliable information regarding unserved and underserved areas. A number of model projects in these areas are being developed which will be sponsored by CAPART among capable leading NGOs so that focused, need based, innovative projects are implemented in the field i.e. at the block as well as village level This will enable CAPART to generate definite impact in the limited areas of its operation.

   iv.  The Nodal NGO can use the resources of the State Government, CAPART and its own local knowledge, experience and understanding of ground realities to build up a database of grassroots NGOs. This entire activity would be done in a transparent manner with active collaboration with the concerned DRDA/District Administration also. The Nodal NGO, while sponsoring suitable NGOs for taking up CAPART sponsored programme, can also recommend NGOs which might not have availed of CAPART funds in the past but which have otherwise good track record in the implementation of rural development programmes in the areas of its operation.

2. Objectives of the Nodal NGO Scheme:

- To reach unserved, underserved, backward and unreached areas through "targeted project" mode

To work in an integrated manner for holistic development of the rural areas by catering to the needs of people and work for development of untouched areas.

To establish a resourceful network of development practitioners in each District and Block so that, voluntary organizations would be able to have dependable representatives in the grassroots. 

To implement projects on a "need based" and "location specific" approach.

To facilitate project and NGO mapping in real time

To provide prompt and reliable information regarding schemes, projects, implementing agencies, areas and impact etc.

To maintain a sound database of credible NGOs in the specified Blocks / Districts.

3. Criteria for selection of Nodal NGOs:

   Established and credible NGOs with a proven track record in development sector would be selected in each State all over  the country:

i.     On the basis of concerned State Government’s recommendations.

ii.    On the basis of CAPART’s own experiences and information.

iii.   The Nodal NGO must have a strong presence and good track record in the State.

4. The following general conditions of the CAPART guidelines for financial assistance will not apply to VOs under   Nodal NGOs Scheme:   

·    First Timer NGOs will also be considered for financial assistance by CAPART, HQ.   

·    Each Nodal NGO may avail in total a maximum of three projects, as per guidelines, in addition to the nodal NGO activity. 

·    The pre-funding appraisal would not be carried out if the NGOs are selected on the recommendations of State Secretaries/State Governments and/or on basis of verifications made by CAPART otherwise.

·    Project proposals from Nodal NGOs will  be received and processed at the RC

level though the sanction of projects under the scheme will invariably be made by NSCs or EC, even for projects under Rs.25 lakhs.

·    The release of installments will be as per para – 8 of this scheme.

·    Monitoring will be as per paras 9 and 10 of this scheme.

5.  Priority Areas of Nodal NGO's intervention:

 CAPART will select leading established NGO’s with proven track record in each State in consultation with the State Governments to act as lead partner of CAPART to implement its programmes, in the most backward pockets of the States. The priority areas of these Nodal NGOs intervention would be as follows:

i. Skill Development, Life Skill Development and Income Generation

ii. Rain Water Harvesting

iii. Sanitation Awareness and innovative, practical sanitation models for rural areas

iv. Rural Young Professional Scheme (skill and life skills training for rural youth)

      v. Primary food and vegetable processing for addressing malnutrition and income generation among the rural poor

      vi. Computer Skills.

vii. Any innovative rural technology, which addresses concern of rural   poor.

viii. Village Knowledge Centers.

      ix. Creation and maintenance of database of NGOs in the Block/Distt. specified.

6. Implementation Strategy for Nodal NGO Scheme:

              I.      The Nodal NGOs would be selected and notified for each State / District (s) by CAPART in consultation with the State Government authorities on the basis of their credentials and expertise.

           II.      A Nodal NGO can be selected to work in one or more districts covering a minimum of 5 blocks. 

         III.      Support of Young Professionals of CAPART, who are recruited from the various professional courses, may be taken, in implementation of the programme.

          IV.      The Nodal NGOs may directly take up the schemes or can take the help of grass root level organizations working in inaccessible, unserved, unreached and isolated rural pockets in implementation of scheme in tune with the objective of Nodal NGO scheme. Each Nodal NGO may link their programme with local based NGOs.  However all the applications under the Scheme will be made by NGOs and sanction of projects, monitoring and submission of reports will be in the name of Nodal NGO only.

            V.      All provisions of CAPART guidelines, except those mentioned in para 4, would apply to the Nodal NGOs.

7. Responsibilities of the Nodal NGOs-

        I.      The Nodal NGOs would disseminate the schemes based on need and location which are to be implemented with mobilizing contribution to the extent of 10%, ensuring their participation and also that of the local people as per the guideline of Nodal NGO scheme to reach the unserved, underserved, backward and unreached areas. 

     II.      The Nodal NGO would work in an integrated manner for holistic development of the rural areas by catering to the needs of the people and work for development of untouched areas.

   III.      The Nodal NGO would be responsible for the effective implementation of the schemes and programmes whether they take the help of grass root level small voluntary agencies or work directly.

    IV.      The projects proposed by the Nodal NGO would also include “Comprehensive Implementation Schedule” with proper milestones, time frame and performance indicators, which may be quantitative as well as qualitative.

      V.      The Nodal NGO is expected to also play a pivotal role in facilitating and providing the required linkages to the beneficiaries / local people in the form of marketing, technical know how etc.

    VI.      Regular meetings and consultations would be organized by the Nodal NGOs at District / Block Headquarters to facilitate smooth implementation of the project activities and to resolve the problems faced by the implementing staff at grass root.

 VII.      The Nodal NGO will also hold workshops in the district/block headquarters to disseminate the programmes and schemes to be implemented to the grassroot NGOs.

VIII.      The Nodal NGO would keep CAPART informed of the progress of the project through the concurrent online financial and physical monitoring system.

    IX.      The Nodal NGOs will send the progress report of the project on the 7th day of every month to the CAPART HQ and concerned Regional Offices.

      X.      The Nodal NGO would also ensure that its accounts are open and available for CAPART inspection. 

    XI.      The Nodal NGO will be responsible for creation and maintenance of database of NGOs in the Block/Distt. specified.

 XII.      The Nodal NGO will establish a resourceful network of development practitioners in each District and Block so that, voluntary organizations would be able to have dependable representatives in the grassroots. 

XIII.      The Nodal NGO would facilitate project and NGO mapping in real time

XIV.      The Nodal NGO will provide prompt and reliable information regarding schemes, projects, implementing agencies, areas and impact etc.

8. Procedure of release of grants:

a)     The first installment comprising 25% of the total approved budget will be released immediately after the receipt of duly accepted terms and conditions from the NGO. The remaining funds will be released in three equal installments.

b)     2nd and further installments would be released only after receiving the Unaudited Statement of Accounts, Progress Report, Utilization Certificate and Satisfactory Progress (Physical and Financial) made by the Nodal NGOs.

9. Responsibilities of CAPART

 There will be concurrent Monitoring of the projects under the Nodal NGO Scheme. Each stakeholder of the scheme (CAPART HQ and concerned RCs, the Nodal NGOs / the grass root level NGOs) should understand the required parameters of effective implementation of the projects under the Scheme and expected outcomes. For this, a concurrent monitoring mechanism would be developed: -

                    I.      A separate Monitoring Cell may be constituted for this scheme in CAPART. This monitoring cell would be responsible for the online financial and physical monitoring. A software would be developed for this purpose. The Nodal NGOs would fill the formats available online to monitor the progress in physical and financial terms. The information provided by the Nodal NGOs would further be compiled and monitored by the monitoring cell at CAPART Headquarters.

                 II.      The Nodal NGO will send the progress report 7th day of every month.

               III.      An external agency would be assigned for concurrent monitoring and evaluation of the project at intervals of 6 months.

10.  Evaluation:          

The evaluation of the programme would be done by a reputed external agency so that a fair assessment is ensured in real terms.

11. Expected outcomes of the Nodal NGO Scheme:

i.    A reliable database of credible and resourceful agencies/NGOs will be available to all the stakeholders.

ii.   The development of most backward, inaccessible, unserved and underserved areas (geographical and socio-economic context) will be ensured.

iii.   Development and formation of a network of credible and resourceful agencies/NGOs for dissemination of information, pooling of ideas, building up of a platform where NGOs could share the successful models, success stories and can share their problems faced during the implementation and find out the best and alternate solutions

iv.  Formulation of need based, realistic and area specific programmes. This will also ensure the participation of local people in planning and implementation, which would lead to effective results.

v.   To make the monitoring simpler, less time consuming and more focused, so that the programmes may be implemented in the given time frame and lacunae in programme implementation can be rectified in a timely manner.

vi.  To ensure transparency, sustainability and accountability in project implementation.

12. Financial Implications of Nodal NGO Scheme:

  To begin with, the financial implication as worked out would be applicable to all selected Nodal NGOs for a period two years initially. Based on its success rate, feedback from NGOs and through the concurrent monitoring mechanism, further extension of scheme would be considered.

a.      Budget for Nodal NGO Headquarters:

Sl No.

Particulars

Amount (in Rs.)

1.

One Computer with Printer (including internet connection) (One time cost)

              60,000.00

2

Salary of 1 DTP operator @ Rs.3000/- p.m. for 12 months

                 36,000.00

3

*Salary to 1 Senior Project Coordinator  @ Rs. 10000/- p.m. for 12 months (1x10000x12)

               1,20,000.00

4

Office maintenance for 12 months @ Rs. 1000 p. m.  (12x 1000)

                  12,000.00

5

Internet and telephone charges @ Rs.1000/- p.m. for 12 Months (1000x12)

12,000.00

6

Traveling Allowance to staff @ Rs. 3000/- per month for each project coordinator for 12 months (3000x1x12)

                  36,000.00

7

Miscellaneous Expenses

10000.00

8

One time Capital Expenses

  50,000.00                                     

 

Total

3,36,000.00

 

This budget will be made available for all the selected Nodal NGOs for implementation of the scheme in their respective States as per their Action Plan. This budget will be available only for Nodal NGOs.

*The Project Coordinators selected by the organization should have professional background, relevant experience and skills in network building, programme planning and implementation.

 

* In the case of the organizations not covering the entire district the budget mentioned for Nodal NGO Headquarter will not be applicable and the budget will be on the following heads only.

Sl No.

Particulars

Amount (in Rs.)

1.

One Computer with Printer (including internet connection) (One time cost)

              60,000.00

2

Salary of 1 DTP operator @ Rs.3000/- p.m. for 12 months

               36,000.00

5

Internet and telephone charges @ Rs.1000/- p.m. for 12 Months (1000x12)

12,000.00

7

Miscellaneous Expenses

10000.00

 

Total

1,18,000.00

 

b.     Budget Requirements at the level of Block: A fixed cost for the coordination office at Block level would be provided as under-

Sl No.

Particulars

Amount (in Rs.)

1.

Salary to Block Coordinator @ Rs.6000/- p.m. for the period of one year. (6000 x 12 x 1)

72,000.00

2

Office Rent for 12 months @ Rs. 1500 p. m. including electricity & water charges (12x 1500)

                   18,000.00

3

Traveling Allowance to staff (Including Block Coordinator) @ Rs. 3000/- per month (3000x12)

                   36,000.00

4

Miscellaneous Expenses

5000.00

 

Total

1,31,000.00

 

 

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